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Iceland Transportations


There are no railways or navigable inland waters. All important towns and districts can be reached by bus and truck via interurban roads. In 2005, total roadway was estimated at 13,028 km, of which only 4,241 km were paved. Registered passenger cars in 2000 numbered 151,409 and there were 19,428 commercial vehicles.

The merchant marine fleet consisted of 2 ship, with a total capacity of 4,704 GRT in 2007. In addition, there are about 1,000 civilian vessels, mostly small fishing craft. Most of the import and export trade is handled in Reykjavík. Akureyri, on the north coast, is the largest port serving the outlying areas.

Iceland had 99 airports in 2007, 5 of which had paved runways. The principal airport is Keflavik at Reykjavík. In the 1950s, Icelandic Airlines was the first transatlantic airline to offer fares drastically lower than those of the major carriers. Icelandair, formed by a merger of Icelandic Airlines and Iceland Air in the early 1970s, operates domestic routes as well as international flights to the UK, Scandinavia, and FRG, and transatlantic flights with stopovers at Reykjavík. In 2001 1,357,900 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.


99 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 5
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 94
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 28
under 914 m: 63 (2007)

total: 13,028 km
paved/oiled gravel: 4,241 km (does not include urban roads)
unpaved: 8,787 km (2005)

Merchant marine:
total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,704 GRT/729 DWT
by type: passenger/cargo 2
registered in other countries: 41 (Antigua and Barbuda 9, Bahamas 1, Belize 1, Faroe Islands 4, Gibraltar 1, Malta 7, Norway 3, St Vincent and The Grenadines 15) (2007)

Ports and terminals:
Grundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Reykjavik





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